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11. Forced Landing
To determine that the candidate can, in event of an engine failure, select a suitable landing area and fly a successful approach.
Engine failure will be simulated without advance warning by the examiner. The candidate will be expected to select a suitable area, use an organized procedure, fly a successful approach to that landing area and accomplish the required emergency procedures. The overshoot will be carried out when requested by the examiner at an operationally safe altitude.
Assessment will be based on the candidate's ability to:
- initiate the approach at the best glide airspeed (+10/-0 mph);
- select a suitable landing area;
- plan the approach, considering aircraft altitude, wind conditions, terrain, obstructions, and other factors;
- select a touchdown zone;
- vary airspeed, descent, and flight profile, as necessary, to safely achieve a successful approach to the selected touchdown zone;
- attempt to determine the cause of the simulated malfunction;
- prepare the passenger for landing;
- complete appropriate checks; and
- prepare for overshoot, if requested by the examiner.
Note1: The candidate will be expected to demonstrate good airmanship by clearing the engine at appropriate intervals during the descent. Where the aircraft is equipped with flaps, the practice of leaving some power on and achieving a normal descent angle and airspeed by using flaps is acceptable.
Note2: A change in landing site is acceptable from an altitude or point in the approach where a landing could still be made on the original landing area.