Through Canada’s Oceans Protection Plan, the Enhanced Maritime Situational Awareness (EMSA) initiative was co-developed with Indigenous communities and industry to provide near real-time vessel activity and other marine environmental information in local waters through a user-friendly web platform.
Since the launch of the EMSA system in 2019, many Indigenous and coastal communities across Canada have adopted the technology, improving their situational awareness on the water.
Through the next phase of the Oceans Protection Plan, EMSA will continue to grow the number of Indigenous community partnerships and be integrated into other Oceans Protection Plan initiatives. The system itself will also be enhanced to further improve marine safety, environmental monitoring, and protection.
On this page
- About the Enhanced Maritime Situational Awareness Initiative
- Data sources and types of information
- Building and testing the system
- Pilot projects
- Pilot project host communities
- Other data contributors
- Partner organizations
- Contact us
- Related links
About the Enhanced Maritime Situational Awareness initiative
We’re working with Indigenous communities across Canada to develop and test a user-friendly web-based system. The system improves access to maritime information and data, including vessel traffic, for Indigenous peoples, coastal communities and other partners.
It provides an accessible and near real-time common operating picture for coastal communities and supports local and collaborative planning, analysis and decision-making.
This will help communities:
- improve maritime awareness, monitoring, and safety;
- plan vessel routes;
- identify sensitive areas;
- protect the environment; and
- address concerns about the possible impacts that more vessel traffic could cause for marine activities and the local environment
We want to increase the amount of useful and trustworthy information on maritime activity that is available to coastal partners and stakeholders and help local decision makers by giving them accurate and detailed information.
Data sources and types of information
Numerous engagement sessions have provided valuable input on what types of information to include in this new web based maritime awareness information system.
We have also looked at various existing systems around the world to help us understand opportunities in Canada for enhancing awareness of marine activity.
Based on this, sources and types of information in the system include:
- vessel traffic information from terrestrial and space-based Automatic Identification Systems (AIS) data
- local knowledge
- historical vessel position information
- weather information, including sea and ice conditions
- information on tides and currents
- information on ecologically sensitive areas
The system will include both static and dynamic data.
Static data does not change significantly over time. It includes:
- nautical information such as marine hazards and navigation safety marks
- charts showing sea bottom topography
- sensitive habitats
- cultural sites
- vessel and port databases
Dynamic data changes over time. It includes:
- weather, tides and currents information
- information about movement of vessels
- information about potential pollution events
Enhanced maritime situational awareness system
(PDF, 9.1 MB)
Building and testing the system
In February 2019, representatives from ten Indigenous communities and organizations from Canada’s coasts met in Ottawa, alongside representatives from Transport Canada and the Canadian Coast Guard to evaluate solutions demonstrated by companies developing the maritime awareness information system.
As a result of this process, Fujitsu (Canada) Inc. was selected to develop, host and maintain the system and will work closely with Transport Canada and partners to ensure it meets user needs across Canada.
This new system will use information from a range of data sources, such as federal government departments, academia and science organizations. The pilot project system was launched in the ten Indigenous communities across Canada in May 2019. Pilot host communities have been working in partnership with us to develop, test and evaluate the system. In December 2019, three additional partners were selected to join the project through a collaborative selection process.
Map descriptive text:
Pictured - Title text on the graphic reads: “Partnering with 13 Coastal Communities and organizations to build a maritime awareness information system.”
See Pilot project host communities for more information
Choosing host communities
We used a collaborative process to choose pilot project hosts. How communities were selected varied across Canada, for example:
- Communities in British Columbia worked with federal representatives to determine by a majority who was best placed to pilot the new system, on behalf of all interested participants
- In Quebec, Transport Canada met with Indigenous communities to discuss the system
- The communities led a consensus-based process to choose 2 pilot project hosts
Pilot project host communities
- The T'Sou-ke Nation will host a pilot project on the South Coast of Vancouver Island.
- The Pacheedaht Nation will host a pilot project on the South Coast of Vancouver Island.
- The Council of the Haida Nation will host a pilot project on the North Coast of British Columbia.
- The Gitga'at Nation will host a pilot project on the North Coast of British Columbia.
- The Scianew First Nation will host a pilot project on the South Coast of Vancouver Island.
- The Malahat First Nation will host a pilot project on the South Coast of Vancouver Island.
- Tseycum First Nation will host a pilot project on the South Coast of Vancouver Island.
- The Mohawk Council of Kahnawà:ke will host a pilot project along the south shore of the Saint Lawrence.
- The Essipit Innu First Nation Council will host a pilot project along the north shore on the Saint Lawrence River estuary.
- The Tuktoyaktuk Hunters and Trappers Committee will host a pilot project in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region.
- The Ekaluktutiak Hunters and Trappers Organization will host a pilot project in Nunavut.
- The Nunatsiavut Government will host a pilot project in Nain, located in the Nunatsiavut settlement area on the northeast coast of Labrador.
- The Maritime Aboriginal Peoples Council will host a pilot project in the coastal waters surrounding Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick.
Other data contributors
- Windsor Port Authority – Windsor, Ontario
- Ocean Wise Conservation Association – Vancouver, British Columbia
- Coastal and Ocean Resources Inc. – Victoria, British Columbia
Transport Canada is working closely on this initiative with the Canadian Coast Guard and other federal partners. They include Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Environment and Climate Change Canada and the Canadian Space Agency.
We are also working with:
- Indigenous communities
- provincial governments
- scientific non-governmental organizations
- industry stakeholders
We will continue to ensure we take a wide range of perspectives into account as we develop this system. We will also maintain a conversation with communities and others not involved in piloting the system.
To see one example of how the Enhanced Maritime Situational Awareness system is being used, please check out the video: How the Oceans Protection Plan is improving marine safety in Tuktoyaktuk.
If you have questions or comments, please e-mail us: