Inventory of Transport Canada alerts for Canadian airlines flying near or over foreign conflict zones

Transport Canada monitors and assesses the threats to flight routes used by passenger aircraft.

If a country does not properly manage risks to commercial aviation in its airspace, Transport Canada can issue a Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) or an Aeronautical Information Circular (AIC) to notify the aviation community about the risks. These notifications are used by Canadian air operators to plan flights and make decisions.

  • A NOTAM is used when the information is temporary or time sensitive.
  • If the information is valid for more than 90 days, the NOTAM will be added to an AIC. Otherwise, the NOTAM will expire.

There are 3 types of notices:

  • Level 1 (Information) – Information about the risks of flying in, or through, a certain country
  • Level 2 (Recommendation) – Advice to take certain action or not enter a certain country
  • Level 3 (Ban) – Flights cannot enter a certain country

See below for the inventory of Transport Canada alerts for Canadian airlines flying near or over foreign conflict zones.

On this page

Afghanistan – Aeronautical Information Circular 16/22 – Canadian airlines are advised not to fly over Afghanistan, except for transiting overflights on certain air routes

NOTAM text: Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are advised not to enter the airspace of Afghanistan (Kabul FIR (OAKX)), due to the potential risk from extremist and militant activity and limited risk mitigation capabilities in Afghanistan.

Exempted from this advisory are airways P500 & G500 for transiting overflights at or above FL320.

Issued: 28 July 2021, revised 20 August and 16 September 2021

Belarus – Aeronautical Information Circular 16/22 – Canadian airlines are prohibited from flying over Belarus

AIC text: Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are prohibited from entering Belarus (Minsk (UMMV) FIR), due to the potential risk from anti-aviation weaponry and military operations in Ukraine and eastern Europe.

Issued: 19 Jan 2022, revised 12 Feb, 24 Feb, 25 Feb and 25 Mar 2022

Ethiopia – Aeronautical Information Circular 16/22 – Canadian airlines are advised to take potential risk into account when flying below 29,000 over Ethiopia

AIC text: Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are advised to take all potential risk into account in risk assessment and flight routing decisions when operating at a flight level equal to or below FL290 in the airspace of Ethiopia (Addis Ababa FIR (HAAA)), due to the potential risk from anti-aviation weaponry and military aviation in Ethiopia.

Issued: 22 Nov 2021

Iran – Aeronautical Information Circular 16/22 – Canadian airlines are advised not to fly over Iran

AIC text: Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are advised not to enter the airspace of Iran (Tehran FIR (OIIX)), due to the potential risk from military activity and anti-aviation weaponry in Iran.

Issued: 10 Jan 2020

Iraq – Aeronautical Information Circular 16/22 – Canadian airlines are advised to fly at least 32,000 feet above sea level when flying over Iraq

AIC text: Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are advised to maintain a flight level equal to or above FL320 in the airspace of Iraq (Baghdad FIR (ORBB)), due to the potential risk from military activity and anti-aviation weaponry in Iraq.

Issued: 18 Nov 2021

Libya – Aeronautical Information Circular 16/22 – Canadian airlines are advised not to fly over Libya

AIC text: Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are advised not to enter the airspace of Libya (Tripoli FIR (HLLL)), due to the potential risk from anti-aviation weaponry and military operations created by the current level of instability in Libya.

Issued: 18 Feb 2020

Moldova – Aeronautical Information Circular 16/22 – Canadian airlines are prohibited from flying over Moldovan airspace

AIC text: Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are prohibited from entering Moldova (Chisinau (LUUU) FIR), due to the potential risk from anti-aviation weaponry and military operations in Ukraine and eastern Europe.

Issued: 19 Jan 2022, revised 12 Feb, 24 Feb, 25 Feb and 25 Mar 2022

North Korea – Aeronautical Information Circular 16/22 – Canadian airlines are advised to take potential risk into account when flying over North Korea

AIC text: Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are advised to take all potential risk information into account in risk assessment and flight routing decisions in the airspace of North Korea (FIR Pyongyang (ZKKP)), due to the potential risk to aviation from ballistic missile launches without prior notice.

Issued: 9 Feb 2021

Saudi Arabia – Aeronautical Information Circular 16/22 – Canadian airlines are advised to take potential risk into account when flying over Saudi Arabia, and not to fly over certain areas of the country

AIC text: Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are advised to take all potential risk information into account in risk assessment and flight routing decisions in Saudi airspace (Jeddah FIR (OEJD)), and not to enter the southwest area of OEJD FIR, in which ESCAT (Emergency Security Control of Air Traffic) rules may be activated by NOTAM from the Saudi authorities, due to the potential risk from anti-aviation weaponry and military operations in Saudi Arabia.

Issued: 11 Mar 2021

Somalia – Aeronautical Information Circular 16/22 – Canadian airlines are advised to fly at least 26,000 feet above sea level when flying over Somalia

AIC text: Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are advised to maintain a flight level equal to or above FL260 within Somali airspace (Mogadishu FIR (HCSM)), due to the potential risk from anti-aviation weaponry and military operations in Somalia.

Issued: 9 Feb 2021

Syria – Aeronautical Information Circular 16/22 – Canadian airlines are advised not to fly over Syria, and to take risk into account when flying over neighboring countries

AIC text: Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are advised not to enter the airspace of Syria (Damascus FIR (OSTT)), and to take all potential risk information into account in risk assessment and flight routing decisions when operating in the airspace within 200 NM of the Damascus FIR (OSTT), due to the potential risk from anti-aviation weaponry and military operations in or around Syria.

Issued: 9 Feb 2020

Ukraine/Western Russia – Aeronautical Information Circular 16/22 – Canadian airlines are prohibited from operating in Ukrainian airspace, as well as within parts of western Russian airspace

AIC text: Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are prohibited from entering Ukrainian airspace, and from operating within 200NM of the boundaries of the Dnipropetrovsk (UKDV) and Kyiv (UKBV) FIRs in the Moscow FIR (UUWV), due to the potential risk associated with anti-aviation weaponry and military operations in Ukraine and eastern Europe.

Issued: 19 Jan 2022, revised 12 Feb, 24 Feb, 25 Feb and 25 Mar 2022

Yemen – Aeronautical Information Circular 16/22 – Canadian airlines are advised not to fly over certain areas of Yemen

AIC text: Canadian Air Operators and owners of aircraft registered in Canada are advised not to enter the airspace of Yemen (Sana’a FIR (OYSC)) northwest of the line created by the waypoints PAKER-ORBAT-NORMA on jet route UT702, due to potential risks from anti-aviation weaponry and military operations.

Issued: 9 Feb 2021