Part 5 — Holding Procedures


To facilitate the student learning:

  • to program a hold in the GPS receiver, if capable
  • to execute holding procedures using GPS


The ability to execute a hold is essential for all pilots operating under IFR.

Essential Background Knowledge

Explain the various types of holds the student may encounter when flying IFR

Explain how to add a hold to the flight plan, if capable

Advice to Instructors

Either give the student a simulated hold clearance or ask ATC to issue one.

Ensure the student is able to input and execute an enroute, NDB, VOR and a DME hold.

If the hold entry is executed on autopilot, question the student to ensure that he/she has correctly anticipated the aircraft track.

Air Instruction and Student Practice

Ensure the student practices a least one of each type of hold, if practicable.

The direction of entry should be varied so that the student can practice the recommended hold entry procedures found in the Instrument Procedures Manual.

Completion Standards

The student shall be able to:

  • add a hold to the flight plan in flight
  • activate a hold
  • execute a holding procedure using GPS
  • take prompt corrective action if the aircraft does not perform as anticipated during an autopilot hold entry