Ground and Air Exercises

This section should be used in cross-reference with the Flight Test Guide.  Exercise numbers correspond to those in the Guide.  Generally, preparatory ground instruction and, subsequent pre-flight briefing should be given before in-flight training.

Each exercise has been divided into five sections:


Details what new knowledge or skills the student is expected to acquire.


This material explains why the student needs to learn particular skills.  The instructor must ensure that the student knows why the lesson is important, and where it fits into the overall curriculum of studies.  In most cases, the motivation used in this instructor guide is specific to multi-engine aeroplanes.

Essential Background Knowledge

This is the minimum knowledge required for the student to benefit fully from the air instruction.  One of your obligations as an instructor is to make sure that students complete all the pertinent ground instruction before beginning air instruction.

Advice to Instructors

Provides information that may help you in presenting or teaching a particular lesson.

Transport Canada no longer recommends actual inflight engine shutdown, feathering, engine restart and unfeathering procedures.  It has been determined that the training value of conducting this procedure in-flight is not worth the increased safety risk and engine/airframe abuse/damage that is often incurred.  It is highly recommended that engine failure procedures be trained to proficiency on a suitable Flight Training Device or Flight Simulator, where a procedure may be fully completed and the consequences of errors safely demonstrated, prior to simulating failures in the aeroplane.

Instruction and Student Practice

This includes the steps to follow in presenting the lesson.  It also suggests exercises that will help the student to develop the skills needed to meet the objectives.