Oil spill prevention and response in Canada

Science and innovation

The Government of Canada prioritizes internationally recognized science and evidence-based decision-making. For over 50 years, Canadian researchers have been studying oil spills.

The Government of Canada has taken a comprehensive approach to understanding how oil and related products behave in the environment, where contaminants end up, and how spills can affect Canadian wildlife and their habitats. Research activities are intended to enhance preparedness and response and help oil spill responders make the best choices to minimize environmental damage.

Fate and behaviour

Scientists are working to understand how real-world environmental conditions can change how the oil behaves so that the most effective response tools can be used to minimize potential impacts, should a spill occur. The fate and behaviour of the oil in the environment varies widely depending on:

  • the properties and composition of the oil;
  • the conditions at the site of the spill (i.e., presence of ice, type of shoreline, how close the spill is to shore, etc.);
  • the weather and weather processes (such as evaporation, dissolution, dispersion, emulsification, and chemical or biological degradation)
  • and seasonal weather conditions at the time of the spill (i.e., wind, waves, currents, temperature, salinity, and water quality parameters).

Research on the fate and behaviour of oil in the environment provides important information about how best to respond to oil spills, including:

  • the effectiveness of potential response tools;
  • the window of opportunity (i.e., amount of time available) to best use available countermeasures; and,
  • the development of spill models to predict spill trajectory, anticipate potential impacts of a spill, or inform which response technique or combination of techniques would result in better outcomes for the environment.

Federal funding of research is helping improve preparedness, prevention, and response to oil spills.

Here is some of the Government of Canada's research relating to oil, environmental response, innovations for climate change and energy alternatives.

Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC)

Researchers at ECCC have been studying the fate and behaviour of oil in the environment since 1973. The types of research include laboratory analysis, controlled simulations, and in-field studies. The department maintains a database containing information on the chemical make up of over 113 oils as they undergo natural modification over time (“weathering”). The data produced by ECCC scientists is used to support 24/7/365 response to environmental emergencies. This support includes providing technical fact sheets and scientific advice, assessing the chemical make up of spilled substances, and producing spill trajectory models that can provide estimates of where and how spilled substances will travel in the marine environment. Scientists at ECCC are also studying the effectiveness and value of additional tools that may be required to support oil spill responses in the future.

Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)

NRCan researchers conduct scientific research on the fate, behaviour and biological impacts of oil spilled into onshore and offshore environments, and on oil spill response and recovery technologies and methodologies. In addition, through the Multi-partner Research Initiative and Oil Spill Response Challenge programs, NRCan supports collaborative scientific research, and technology innovation and acceleration by Canadian and global experts to improve oil spill detection, response and recovery in Canadian aquatic environments.

Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO)

Experts at DFO are evaluating the physical and chemical composition of oil products and, through an outdoor experimental wave tank, studying the use of spill countermeasures. While many factors influence the behaviour of oil product, this wave tank controls the wave energy and flow. The other factors that influence the behaviour of the product oil are controlled by the surrounding environment. The results from these studies can be used as additional data when modelling spills to validate fate and behaviour models, which are developed based off simpler physical and chemical studies.

Oil science

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Name Type
A Review of Canada's Ship-source Oil Spill Preparedness and Response Regime — Setting the Course for the Future (PDF, 6.76 MB) Reviews and recommendations
Active Biological Countermeasures Oil spill response science
Advanced Membrane-Based Hybrid Process for Oil Spill Removal in Marine Environments Oil spill response science
Aquatic ecosystems and ocean science statistics  
Arctic Marine Oilspills Program (AMOP)  Technical Seminar Bibliography 1978-2021 Oil spill response science
CanmetENERGY research centres  
Centre for Offshore Oil, Gas and Energy Research (COOGER)  
Crude oil in Canada  
Crude Oil Industry Overview  
Development of an Integrated Mechanical Recovery and Oil Spill Response System for Heavy Oil in Cold and Ice Prone Marine Environments Oil spill response science
Development of effective and environmentally friendly formulations for the dispersion and remediation of heavy oil spilled in marine environments Oil spill response science
Development of In-Situ Foam Filtration System for Oil Spill Recovery Oil spill response science
Environment Canada Crude Oil and Petroleum Product Database Properties of oil
How does oil behave in water? Oil spill response science
Marathassa Fuel Oil Spill Environmental Response Operation Case studies
Marine Oil Spill Preparedness and Response Regime - TP 14539 Report
Marine Spills Contingency Plan - National Chapter Report
Multi-Partner Research Initiative Oil spill research
National Contaminants Advisory Group (NCAG)  
Oil Slick Detection Oil spill response science
Oil Slick Detection & Radar Polarimetry Oil Spill Response Imagery
Oil Spill Detection Oil spill response science
Oil Spill Detection and Response Science research, development and demonstration (RD&D) projects Research, development and demonstration projects
Oil Spill Response Science Oil spill response science
Oil Spill Science supporting federal policy objectives Oil spill response science
Our response to British Columbia's Policy Intentions Paper for Engagement: Activities related to spill management Reviews and recommendations
Properties, Composition and Marine Spill Behaviour, Fate and Transport of Two Diluted Bitumen Products from the Canadian Oil Sands  
Prototype, mesoscale simulator for the study of oil weathering under severe conditions: NE22-4/086E-PDF - Government of Canada Publications  
Refined Petroleum Products - Exports Monthly statistics on export activities
Risk assessment for marine spills in Canadian waters Risk assessment
Science review of the net environmental benefits analysis of dispersant use for responding to oil spills from oil and gas facilities on the Newfoundland Grand Banks  
Sea Empress & Oil Spill Detection Case Study Case study
Ship-Source Oil Spill Response and Preparedness Regime Report to Parliament, 2011-2016 – TP 15418E (2019) Report
Shoreline cleanup assessment technique (SCAT) manual  
Sorbents Technology Database Oil spill response science
Spills Technology Databases Physicochemical properties of petroleum products
Strengthening Emergency Response Reviews and recommendations
Successful completion of bulk oil removal from the Manolis L shipwreck Case studies
Tanker Safety Expert Panel Reviews and recommendations
The Development of Hybrid Rapid Response Agents to Mitigate the Impact of Oil Spills in Marine Environments Oil spill response science
Stochastic Modeling of Oil Spill in the Salish
Sea: Effects of Chemical Dispersant Application
Research paper
Impact of mixing time and energy on the dispersion effectiveness and droplets size of oil Research paper
Chemical dispersants enhance the activity of oil- and gas condensate-degrading marine bacteria Research paper
Impact of Water-Sediment Regulation Scheme on seasonal and spatial variations of biogeochemical factors in the Yellow River estuary Research paper
Metagenomic survey of the taxonomic and functional microbial communities of seawater and sea ice from the Canadian Arctic Research paper
A New Mechanism of Sediment Attachment to Oil in Turbulent Flows: Projectile Particles Research paper
Droplet and bubble formation of combined oil and gas releases in subsea blowouts Research paper
Oil jet with dispersant: Macro-scale hydrodynamics and tip streaming Research paper
On the transport and modeling of dispersed oil under ice Research paper
Was the Deepwater Horizon Well Discharge Churn Flow? Implications on the Estimation of the Oil Discharge and Droplet Size Distribution Research paper
Oil Droplets Transport Under a Deep-Water Plunging Breaker: Impact of Droplet Inertia Research paper
Editorial: Microbial Exopolymers: Sources, Chemico-Physiological Properties, and Ecosystem Effects in the Marine Environment Research paper
Estimating the Usefulness of Chemical Dispersant to Treat Surface Spills of Oil Sands Products Research paper
Chapter Six - Brominated Flame Retardants, Microplastics, and Biocides in the Marine Environment: Recent Updates of Occurrence, Analysis, and Impacts Research paper
Impact of particle concentration and out-of-range sizes on the measurements of the LISST Research paper
Inter-laboratory calibration of estimated oil equivalent (EOE) concentrations of a water accommodated fraction (WAF) of oil and a chemically enhanced WAF (CEWAF) Research paper
Computation of the Mixing Energy in Rivers for Oil Dispersion Research paper
A Review on the Factors Affecting the Deposition, Retention, and Biodegradation of Oil Stranded on Beaches and Guidelines for Designing Laboratory Experiments Research paper
Metagenomic survey of the taxonomic and functional microbial communities of seawater and sea ice from the Canadian Arctic Research paper
Engineered cyanobacteria as a potential organic Research paper
Chapter 22. Marine oil spills - preparedness and countermeasures. Research paper
Hydrodynamics and Mixing Characteristics in Different-Size Aspirator Bottles for Water-Accommodated Fraction Tests Research paper
Examining the physical processes of corn oil (medium crude oil surrogate) in sea ice and its resultant effect on complex permittivity and normalized radar cross-section Research paper
Oil behavior in sea ice: Changes in chemical composition and resultant effect on sea ice dielectrics Research paper
High Pressure Injection of Chemicals in a Gravel Beach Research paper
AUV Adaptive Sampling Methods: A Review Reviews and recommendations
Complications of robotic delineation of oil spills at sea Research paper
3D Bombax-structured carbon nanotube sponge coupling with Ag3PO4 for tetracycline degradation under ultrasound and visible light irradiation Research paper
Fate of diluted bitumen spilled in the coastal waters of British Columbia, Canada Research paper
Influence of climatic parameters on changes in the density and viscosity of diluted bitumen after a spill Research paper
Incorporation of oil into diatom aggregates Research paper
Microbial degradation of four dispersed crude oils by Rhodococcus sp. evaluated using carbon stable isotope analysis Research paper
Potential for Microbially Mediated Natural Attenuation of Diluted Bitumen on the Coast of British Columbia (Canada) Research paper
Self-Cleaning Nanoscale Coating for the Separation of Oil–Water Mixture Research paper
Differentiation of weathered chemically dispersed oil from weathered crude oil Research paper
Ionic Liquid-Enhanced Solvent Extraction for Oil Recovery from Oily Sludge Research paper
Metagenomic and metatranscriptomic responses of natural oil degrading bacteria in the presence of dispersants Research paper
Metagenomic Data Mining in Oil Spill Studies Research paper
Biodegradation, Photo-oxidation, and Dissolution of Petroleum Compounds in an Arctic Fjord during Summer Research paper
In situ biodegradation, photooxidation and dissolution of petroleum compounds in Arctic seawater and sea ice Research paper
Interactive Toxicity of Triclosan and Nano-TiO2 to Green Alga Eremosphaera viridis in Lake Erie: A New Perspective Based on Fourier Transform Infrared Spectromicroscopy and Synchrotron-Based X-ray Fluorescence Imaging Research paper
Formation of compound droplets during fragmentation of turbulent buoyant oil jet in water Research paper
Petroleum hydrocarbon release behavior study in oil-sediment aggregates: turbulence intensity and chemical dispersion effect Research paper
Marine oil spills – oil pollution, sources and Research paper
Fly ash based robust biocatalyst generation: a sustainable strategy towards enhanced green biosurfactant production and waste utilization Research paper
Polysaccharide hydrolysis in the presence of oil and dispersants: Insights into potential degradation pathways of exopolymeric substances (EPS) from oil-degrading bacteria Research paper
Toxicity of oil spill response agents and crude oils to five aquatic test species Research paper
Biological response to dissolved versus dispersed oil Research paper
Investigation into the oil removal from sand using a surface washing agent under different environmental conditions Research paper
Transport of Oil Droplets in the Upper Ocean: Impact of the Eddy Diffusivity Research paper
A Review on Multiphase Underwater Jets and Plumes: Droplets, Hydrodynamics, and Chemistry Reviews and recommendations
The science behind marine-oil snow and MOSSFA: Past, present, and future Reviews and recommendations
Digital PCR as an Emerging Tool for Monitoring of Microbial Biodegradation Reviews and recommendations
Microbial eco-physiological strategies for salinity-mediated crude oil biodegradation Research paper
Use of surface-washing agents for the treatment of oiled shorelines: Research advancements, technical applications and future challenges Reviews and recommendations
Surface-engineered sponges for recovery of crude oil microdroplets from wastewater Research paper
Modeling oil dispersion under breaking waves. Part I: Wave hydrodynamics Research paper
Oil Droplet Dispersion under a Deep-Water Plunging Breaker: Experimental Measurement and Numerical Modeling Research paper
Hydrodynamics and dilution of an oil jet in crossflow: The role of small-scale motions from laboratory experiment and large eddy simulations Research paper
Transport of dispersed oil compounds to the seafloor by sinking phytoplankton aggregates: A modeling study Research paper
Characterization of Pore Water Flow in 3-D Heterogeneous Permeability Fields Research paper
Heterogeneity Affects Intertidal Flow Topology in Coastal Beach Aquifers Research paper
Numerical Study of Solute Transport in Heterogeneous Beach Aquifers Subjected to Tides Research paper
A modelling study of the ice-free tidal dynamics in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago Research paper
Application of Ionic Liquids for Chemical Demulsification: A Review Reviews and recommendations
Selection of oil spill response method in Arctic offshore waters: A fuzzy decision tree based framework Research paper
Comparative life-cycle assessment of traditional and emerging oily sludge treatment approaches Research paper
Acoustic Search and Detection of Oil Plumes Using an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Research paper
Assessing Hydrocarbon presence in the waters of Port au Port bay, Newfoundland and Labrador, for AUV oil spill delineation tests Research paper
Oil Plume Mapping: Adaptive Tracking and Adaptive Sampling From an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle Research paper
Reflecting on an anniversary. The 1970 SS Arrow oil spill in Chedabucto Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada Reviews and recommendations
Effects of suspended particulate matter, surface oil layer thickness and surfactants on the formation and transport of oil-sediment aggregates (OSA) Research paper
Use of Nano-TiO2 self-assembled flax fiber as a new initiative for immiscible oil/water separation Research paper
Biodegradation of weathered crude oil in seawater with frazil ice Research paper
A Response Guide for Sunken Oil Mats (SOMs): Formation, Behavior, Detection, and Recovery Research paper
The use of dispersants in marine oil spill response Research paper
High-resolution modelling of a coastal harbour in the presence of strong tides and significant river runoff Research paper
Character and sedimentation of “lingering” Macondo oil to the deep-sea after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill Research paper
Marine Oil Snow Sedimentation and Flocculent Accumulation (MOSSFA) Events: Learning from the Past to Predict the Future Reviews and recommendations
Persistent thin water films encapsulate oil droplets crossing an oil-water interface Research paper
Effect of dissolution, evaporation, and photooxidation on crude oil chemical composition, dielectric properties and its radar signature in the Arctic environment Research paper
Graphene/ZnO/Polymer Nanocomposite Thin Film for Separation of Oil-Water Mixture Research paper
Characterization of Low Sulfur Fuel Oils (LSFO) – A new generation of marine fuel oils - OC2020 A-050 Research paper
Environmental impact and recovery of the Bohai Sea following the 2011 oil spill Research paper
How the 2010 Deepwater Horizon spill reshaped our understanding of crude oil photochemical weathering at sea: a past, present, and future perspective Reviews and recommendations
Why sunlight matters for marine oil spills Reviews and recommendations
An Adaptive Mapping Strategy for Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Research paper
An integrated offshore oil spill response decision making approach by human factor analysis and fuzzy preference evaluation Research paper
Fish Waste Based Lipopeptide Production and the Potential Application as a Bio-Dispersant for Oil Spill Control Research paper
Crude oil biodegradation in upper and supratidal seashores Research paper
Occurrence and biodegradation of hydrocarbons at high salinities Research paper
Toxicity of sediment oiled with diluted bitumens to freshwater and estuarine amphipods Research paper
A framework for the evaluation and selection of shoreline surface washing agents in oil spill response Research paper
Exploring the use of alginate hydrogel coating as a new initiative for emergent shoreline oiling prevention Research paper
A cross-comparison of biosurfactants as marine oil spill dispersants: Governing factors, synergetic effects and fates Research paper
Access-dispersion-recovery strategy for enhanced mitigation of heavy crude oil pollution using magnetic nanoparticles decorated bacteria Research paper
Microfluidic Based Whole-Cell Biosensors for Simultaneously On-Site Monitoring of Multiple Environmental Contaminants Research paper
A Review of Risk Analysis Research for the Operations of Autonomous Underwater Vehicles Reviews and recommendations
A data-driven binary-classification framework for oil fingerprinting analysis Research paper
Exploring the use of cellulose nanocrystal as surface-washing agent for oiled shoreline cleanup Research paper
Inexact inventory-theory-based optimization of oily waste management system in shoreline spill response Research paper
Wax-wetting sponges for oil droplets recovery from frigid waters Research paper
Reclamation of Oily Wastewater at High Temperatures Using Thermosetting Polyurethane-Nanosilicon Sponges Research paper
Dispersion of Oil Droplets in Rivers Research paper
Oil Droplet Dispersion under a Deep-Water Plunging Breaker: Experimental Measurement and Numerical Modeling Research paper
Transport and Formation of OPAs in Rivers Research paper
Large eddy simulation and experiment of shear breakup in liquid-liquid jet: Formation of ligaments and droplets Research paper
Oil/gas jets in water crossflow: The impact of the droplet size Research paper
Transport of oil droplets from a jet in crossflow: Dispersion coefficients and Vortex trapping Research paper
Investigation into the geometry and distribution of oil inclusions in sea ice using non-destructive X-ray microtomography and its implications for remote sensing and mitigation potential Research paper
Biogeochemical Processes Affecting the Fate of Discharged Deepwater Horizon Gas and Oil: New Insights and Remaining Gaps in Our Understanding Research paper
An Analysis of Selected Oil Spill Case Studies on the Shorelines of Canada Research paper
Assessing the coastal sensitivity to oil spills from the perspective of ecosystem services: A case study for Canada's pacific coast Research paper
Hypersaline Pore Water in Gulf of Mexico Beaches Prevented Efficient Biodegradation of Deepwater Horizon Beached Oil Research paper
Characterization of the Microbial Community Structure and Function During the Natural Attenuation of Oil in Marine Environments Using In Situ Microcosms Research paper
Characterization of Emissions and Residue from Measures to Improve Efficiency of In Situ Oil Burns Research paper
Recent advances in developing cellulosic sorbent materials for oil spill cleanup: A state-of-the-art review Reviews and recommendations
Multi-Scale Biosurfactant Production by Bacillus subtilis Using Tuna Fish Waste as Substrate Research paper
Enhancement of AUV autonomy using backseat driver control architecture Research paper
Formation of oil-particle aggregates: Impacts of mixing energy and duration Research paper
Formation of oil-particle aggregates: Particle penetration and impact of particle properties and particle-to-oil concentration ratios Research paper
Impact of the Hydrophobicity of the Particles on the Formation and Behavior of Oil Particle Aggregates (OPA) Research paper
Current Estimation and Path Following for an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) by Using a High-gain Observer Based on an AUV Dynamic Model Research paper
The Multi-Partner Research Initiative: A Scientific Research Network to Support Decision Making in Oil Spill Response Research paper
Solid inoculants as a practice for bioaugmentation to enhance bioremediation of hydrocarbon contaminated areas Research paper
Space–time variations of sea ice in Bohai Sea in the winter of 2009–2010 simulated with a coupled ocean and ice model Research paper
Transcriptome-wide responses of aggregates of the diatom Odontella aurita to oil Research paper
Photocatalytic ozonation of offshore produced water by TiO2 nanotube arrays coupled with UV-LED irradiation Research paper
Experimental Investigation of Oil Droplet Size Distribution in Underwater Oil and Oil-Air Jet Research paper
Dispersants as marine oil spill treating agents: a review on mesoscale tests and field trials Reviews and recommendations
Intelligent computational techniques in marine oil spill management: A critical review Reviews and recommendations
Optimization of integrated fuzzy decision tree and regression models for selection of oil spill response method in the Arctic Research paper
Biosurfactant production by native marine bacteria (Acinetobacter calcoaceticus P1-1A) using waste carbon sources: Impact of process conditions Research paper
Kinetic modeling of biosurfactant production by Bacillus subtilis N3-1P using brewery waste Research paper
Effect of Oil Properties on the Generation of Nano-Aerosols During Bubble Bursting Through Crude Oil–Dispersant Slicks Research paper
Time Evolution and Effect of Dispersant on the Morphology and Viscosity of Water-In-Crude-Oil Emulsions Research paper
A Practical Model of the Natural Attenuation of Oil on Shorelines for Decision Support Research paper
A Review of Response Options to Accelerate the Recovery of Oiled Shorelines Research paper
A Shoreline Response Program (SRP) Decision Support Tool based on the Geographic Variability in Attenuation and Weathering of Stranded Oil Research paper
Removal of hydrocarbons from heterogenous soil using electrokinetics and surfactants Research paper
The Complexity of Spills: The Fate of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Research paper
Multiphase CFD simulation of the nearshore spilled oil behaviors Research paper
In situ microcosms deployed at the coast of British Columbia (Canada) to study dilbit weathering and associated microbial communities under marine conditions Research paper
An OMA-SIM Approach to Study OMA Kinetics for the Cleanup of Marine Oil Spill Research paper
Hyper-Cross-Linked Polymer-Decorated Surfaces with Ultrahigh Efficiency for Oil/Water Emulsion Separation and Recovery Research paper
Towards integrated modeling of the long-term impacts of oil spills Research paper
The effect of pressure variation on droplet size distribution of dispersed oil under simulated deep-water conditions Research paper
A Review of Numerical Models for Oil Penetration, Retention, and Attenuation on Shorelines Reviews and recommendations
Exploring the effects of microalgal biomass on the oil behavior in a sand-water system Research paper
Use of biomass-derived adsorbents for the removal of petroleum pollutants from water: a mini-review Research paper
A Backseat Control Architecture for a Slocum Glide Research paper
Microbubbles as Proxies for Oil Spill Delineation in Field Tests Research paper
Disposable masks release microplastics to the aqueous environment with exacerbation by natural weathering Research paper
Factors influencing the fate of oil spilled on shorelines: a review Research paper
Examining an Oil Spill Plume Mapping Method based on Satellite NIR Data Research paper
Flow structure and turbulence in the near field of an immiscible buoyant oil jet Research paper
Impact of Microplastics on Oil Dispersion Efficiency in the Marine Environment Research paper
Interactions between microplastics and oil dispersion in the marine environment Research paper
Microplastic-oil-dispersant agglomerates in the marine environment: Formation mechanism and impact on oil dispersion Research paper
Decision support tools for oil spill response (OSR-DSTs): Approaches, challenges, and future research perspectives Research paper
Ecological Impact Analysis of Dispersants and Dispersed Oil: An Overview Reviews and recommendations
An emergency response system by dynamic simulation and enhanced particle swarm optimization and application for a marine oil spill accident Research paper
Exploration of nanocellulose washing agent for the green remediation of phenanthrene-contaminated soil Research paper
Development of sludge-based activated char sorbent with enhanced hydrophobicity for oil spill cleanup Research paper
A critical review on the environmental application of lipopeptide micelles Reviews and recommendations
Bioremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons in the Upper Parts of Sandy Beaches Research paper
Comparative Toxicity of Oil Spill Herding Agents to Aquatic Species Research paper
Environmental Impacts and Challenges Associated with Oil Spills on Shorelines Reviews and recommendations
Review of Biological Processes in a Membrane Bioreactor (MBR): Effects of Wastewater Characteristics and Operational Parameters on Biodegradation Efficiency When Treating Industrial Oily Wastewater Research paper
Development of a calcium alginate-cellulose nanocrystal-based coating to reduce the impact of oil spills on shorelines Research paper
Application of Phase-Selective Organogelators (PSOGs) for Marine Oil Spill Remediation Research paper
Development of a calcium alginate-cellulose nanocrystal-based coating to reduce the impact of oil spills on shorelines Research paper
Treatment of oiled beach sand using a green and responsive washing fluid with nonionic surfactant-modified nanoclay Research paper
Oil Transport Following the Deepwater Horizon Blowout Research paper
Machine learning-aided causal inference for unraveling chemical dispersant and salinity effects on crude oil biodegradation Research paper
Metagenomic and Metatranscriptomic Responses of Chemical Dispersant Application during a Marine Dilbit Spill Research paper
Responses of Alcanivorax species to marine alkanes and polyhydroxybutyrate plastic pollution: Importance of the ocean hydrocarbon cycles Research paper
A green initiative for oiled sand cleanup using chitosan/rhamnolipid complex dispersion with pH-stimulus response Research paper
A Comprehensive Review of Canadian Marine Oil Spill Response System through the Lens of Decanting Regulations and Practices Reviews and recommendations
Computational and experimental study of an oil jet in crossflow: coupling population balance model with multifluid large eddy simulation Research paper
Estimation of overall droplet size distribution from a local droplet size distribution for a jet in crossflow: Experiment and multiphase large eddy simulations Research paper
Impact of a jet orifice on the hydrodynamics and the oil droplet size distribution Research paper
Comparison of O3, UV/O3, and UV/O3/PS processes for marine oily wastewater treatment: Degradation performance, toxicity evaluation, and flocs analysis Research paper
Climate Change Impacts on Coastal and Offshore Petroleum Infrastructure and the Associated Oil Spill Risk: A Review Reviews and recommendations
Hydrocarbon biodegradation potential of microbial communities from high Arctic beaches in Canada's Northwest Passage Research paper
Offshore field experiments with in-situ burning of oil: Emissions and burn efficiency Research paper
In situ burning of crude oils using iron oxide nanoparticles as additives Research paper
The Formulation, Development and Application of Oil Dispersants Research paper
In situ burning of crude oils using iron oxide nanoparticles as additives Research paper
Exploring the effects of substrate mineral fines on oil translocation in the shoreline environment: Experimental analysis, numerical simulation, and implications for spill response Research paper
Investigation into the impact of aged microplastics on oil behavior in shoreline environments Research paper
Transport of Microplastics in Shore Substrates over Tidal Cycles: Roles of Polymer Characteristics and Environmental Factors Research paper
Advancement in oil forensics through the addition of polycyclic aromatic sulfur heterocycles as biomarkers in diagnostic ratios Research paper
Sunlight-driven dissolution is a major fate of oil at sea Research paper
Modeling Emulsification Influence on Oil Properties and Fate to Inform Effective Spill Response Research paper
Mesoscale evaluation of oil submerging and floating processes during marine oil spill response: Effects of dispersant on submerging stability and the associated mechanism Research paper
Modeling oil biodegradation and bioremediation within beaches Research paper
Oil biodegradation in permeable marine sediments: Effects of benthic pore-water advection and solute exchange Research paper
Biodegradation of water-accommodated aromatic oil compounds in Arctic seawater at 0 °C Research paper
Hydrocarbon bioremediation on Arctic shorelines: Historic perspective and roadway to the future Research paper
Buoyant oleophilic magnetic activated carbon nanoparticles for oil spill cleanup Research paper
Review of Hollow Fiber (HF) Membrane Filtration Technology for the Treatment of Oily Wastewater: Applications and Challenges Reviews and recommendations
 Sonar Based Delineation of Oil Plume Proxies Using an AUV Research paper
Experimental and modeling studies of the effects of nanoclay on the oil behaviors in a water–sand system Research paper
Impact of mixing and resting times on the droplet size distribution and the petroleum hydrocarbons' concentration in diluted bitumen-based water-accommodated fractions (WAFs) Research paper
Recent Advances in Functional Materials for Wastewater Treatment: From Materials to Technological Innovations Reviews and recommendations
Effects of oil properties on the formation of oil-particle aggregates at the presence of chemical dispersant in baffled flask tests Research paper
Development of advanced oil/water separation technologies to enhance the effectiveness of mechanical oil recovery operations at sea: Potential and challenges Research paper
Ecotoxicity Studies for On-Site Disposal of Decant Water During Oil Spills: A Review Reviews and recommendations
Oil droplet formation and vertical transport in the upper ocean Research paper
A Response Guide for Sunken Oil Mats (SOMs): Formation, Behavior, Detection, and Recovery Research paper
Evaluation of machine learning techniques to select marine oil spill response methods under small-sized dataset conditions Research paper
Aqueous naphthenic acids and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a meso-scale spill tank affected by diluted bitumen analyzed directly by membrane introduction mass spectrometry Research paper
PAH depletion in weathered oil slicks estimated from modeled age-at-sea during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill Research paper
Oil in the Sea IV: Inputs, Fates, and Effects Reviews and recommendations
Future oil spill response plans require integrated analysis of factors that influence the fate of oil in the ocean Reviews and recommendations
Natural attenuation of oil in marine environments: A review Reviews and recommendations
Evaluation of offshore oil spill response waste management strategies: A lifecycle assessment-based framework Research paper
Microbubble and nanobubble-based gas flotation for oily wastewater treatment: A review Reviews and recommendations
Tween 20 Stabilized Conventional Heavy Crude Oil-In-Water Emulsions Formed by Mechanical Homogenization Research paper
Emerging marine pollution from container ship accidents: Risk characteristics, response strategies, and regulation advancements Research paper
Adaptive control for follower gliders mapping underwater oil patches Research paper
Cooperation and compressed data exchange between multiple gliders used to map oil spills in the ocean Research paper
Experimental study to make gas bubbles as proxies for oil droplets to test AUV detection of oil plumes Research paper
Adaptive control for follower gliders mapping underwater oil patches Research paper
Dispersion modeling of particulate matter from the in-situ burning of spilled oil in the northwest Arctic area of Canada Research paper
Parallel quantitation of salt dioctyl sodium sulfosuccinate (DOSS) and fingerprinting analysis of dispersed oil in aqueous samples Research paper
Microplastic and oil pollution in oceans: Interactions and environmental impacts Research paper
Development and testing of a SOSM approach to examine the natural attenuation of oil spillage on shorelines Research paper
Effects of asphaltenes on the photolytic and toxic behavior of bitumen and conventional oil products on saltwater Research paper
A pH-responsive phosphoprotein surface washing fluid for cleaning oiled shoreline: Performance evaluation, biotoxicity analysis, and molecular dynamic simulation Research paper
Cleanup of oiled shorelines using a dual responsive nanoclay/sodium alginate surface washing agent Research paper
Exploring the characteristics, performance, and mechanisms of a magnetic-mediated washing fluid for the cleanup of oiled beach sand Research paper
Green biomass-derived materials for oil spill response: recent advancements and future perspectives Reviews and recommendations
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and antibiotics in oil-contaminated aquaculture areas: Bioaccumulation, influencing factors, and human health risks Research paper
Proof of concept study for in-situ burn application using conventional containment booms - Design of Burning Tongue Research paper
Applying finite-time lyapunov exponent to study the tidal dispersion on oil spill trajectory in Burrard Inlet Research paper
Recent advances in chemical and biological degradation of spilled oil: A review of dispersants application in the marine environment Reviews and recommendations
Recent advancement in the development of new dispersants as oil spill treating agents Reviews and recommendations
Recommendations for improving the reporting and communication of aquatic toxicity studies for oil spill planning, response, and environmental assessment Reviews and recommendations
Comparing Recent Advances in Estimating and Measuring Oil Slick Thickness: An MPRI Technical Report Reviews and recommendations
Bridging the lab to field divide: Advancing oil spill biological effects models requires revisiting aquatic toxicity testing Research paper
Coastline in-situ burning of oil spills, analysis of a Greenland field experiment Research paper
Effect of ultrasonic homogenization on crude oil-water emulsion stability Research paper
Treatment of a synthetic decanted oily seawater in a pilot-scale hollow fiber membrane filtration process: Experimental investigation Research paper
The recalcitrance and potential toxicity of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons within crude oil residues in beach sediments at the BIOS site, nearly forty years later Research paper
Waste management of petroleum hydrocarbons in Research paper
Post-Formation of Oil Particle Aggregates: Breakup and Biodegradation Research paper
Modeling the Breakup of Oil–Particle Aggregates in Turbulent Environments for Projectile Penetration Research paper
Review of ICCOPR's 2022-2027 Oil Pollution Research and Technology Plan Research paper
Adopting a toxic unit model paradigm in design, analysis and interpretation of oil toxicity testing Research paper
Biodegradation potential of residue generated during the in-situ burning of oil in the marine environment Research paper
An experimental oil spill at a tidal freshwater wetland along the St. Lawrence River re-visited after 21 years Research paper
Baseline levels and characterization of hydrocarbons in surface marine sediments along the transportation corridor in Hudson Bay: A multivariate analysis of n-alkanes, PAHs and biomarkers Research paper
Exploring the Role of Nanobubbles in the Fate and Transport of Spilled Oil on Shorelines Research paper
Development and testing of a 2D offshore oil spill modeling tool (OSMT) supported by an effective calibration method Research paper

Innovation programs and information on climate change and oil alternatives

  • Alternative fuels – Find information about the different types of fuel.
  • Agricultural Bioproducts Innovation Program – Increases the exploitation of Canada's natural advantage in biomass to develop new economic opportunities for agriculture.
  • Canadian Biomass Innovation Network – Coordinates the Government of Canada's interdepartmental research and development activities in the area of bioenergy, biofuels, industrial bioproducts and bioprocesses.
  • CanmetENERGY Technology Centre – Research and development arm of Natural Resources Canada that develops and delivers knowledge- and technology-based programs for the sustainable production and use of Canada's energy supply.
  • ecoEnergy Technology Initiative – $230-million investment in the research, development and demonstration of clean-energy technologies.
  • Energy Innovation Program -- Advances clean energy technologies that will help Canada meet its climate change targets, while supporting the transition to a low-carbon economy. It funds research, development and demonstration projects, and other related scientific activities.
  • Fuel Focus – Clear, transparent, and timely information on fuel prices, oil and gasoline markets, and ways to manage energy costs from Natural Resources Canada.
  • Hydrogen Economy Portal – Information related to the Canadian hydrogen and fuel cell industry and relevant organizations, initiatives, and events.
  • Multi-Partner Research Initiative – $30.3 million over 5 years to advance Canada’s scientific knowledge and science-based decision making for oil spill response.
  • Oceans Protection Plan – The largest investment ever made to protect Canada's coasts and waterways is making marine shipping safer, increasing protections for marine species and ecosystems, and improving how we respond to marine incidents and spills. All of this is being accomplished together with Indigenous Peoples, coastal communities, industry and researchers.
  • Office of Energy Efficiency – Provides background and tips on fuel-efficient vehicles.
  • Research, Development and Demonstration projects in Canada – Natural Resources Canada projects that are innovating energy.

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