Legal Framework

Canadian Emergency Preparedness Legal Framework

The Emergency Management Act, enacted in 2007, contains Canada's legislation related to emergencies and emergency preparedness.

The Emergency Management Act:

  • Sets out the responsibilities of the Minister of Public Safety and each minister accountable to parliament;
  • Establishes the emergency preparedness responsibility of federal departments to:
    • Prepare emergency management plans in respect of those risks;
    • Maintain, test and implement those plans; and
    • Conduct related exercises and training.
  • Recognizes provincial/territorial interests when providing federal assistance during an emergency.

Legal Documents