Enhancing passenger rail security

The Passenger Rail Transportation Security Regulations were registered on October 6, 2020. These regulations help make passenger rail more secure in Canada.

If you’re a host company, passenger company or small passenger company and operate on a federally-regulated track, then these regulations apply to you. This page explains the requirements you must follow.

On this page

Who needs to follow the regulations?

The regulations apply to three kinds of companies:

  • A host company is a railway company that allows a passenger company to transport passengers on its railway
  • A passenger company is a railway company whose operations include transporting passengers by rail
  • A small passenger company is a passenger company that has transported less than 60,000 passengers in one of the last two calendar years.

Requirements

The regulations require passenger companies and host companies to manage security risks by creating specific security practices.

All companies (passenger and host companies) must:

All passenger companies must also:

  • conduct security inspections on the outside of each passenger train and inside each car
    • To learn more, read our guidance document on Conducting Security Inspections. For a copy of the guidance document, please contact Intermodal Surface Security Oversight by e-mail at TC.Railsecurity-sureteferroviaire.TC@tc.gc.ca

Passenger companies, other than small passenger companies, must also:

  • conduct a security risk assessment
  • develop and put in place a security plan
  • provide security plan training, and
  • conduct security exercises
    • To learn more, read our guidance document on Security Risk Assessments, Security Plans and Security Plan Training under the Passenger Rail Transportation Security Regulations. For a copy of the guidance document, please contact Intermodal Surface Security Oversight by e-mail at TC.Railsecurity-sureteferroviaire.TC@tc.gc.ca

More guidance materials to help passenger companies and host companies meet these requirements will be available in the coming months.

Coming into force dates

Passenger company, other than a small passenger company

Requirement Comes into force on
Rail Security Coordinator October 6, 2020
Rail Security Reporting October 6, 2020
Security Awareness Training January 6, 2021
Security Inspections January 6, 2021
Security Risk Assessment July 6, 2021
Security Plan July 6, 2021
Security Plan Training January 6, 2022
Security Exercises January 6, 2022

Small passenger company

Requirement Comes into force on
Rail Security Coordinator October 6, 2020
Rail Security Reporting October 6, 2020
Security Awareness Training January 6, 2021
Security Inspections January 6, 2021

Host company

Requirement Comes into force on
Rail Security Coordinator October 6, 2020
Rail Security Reporting October 6, 2020
Security Awareness Training January 6, 2021

Notice of proposed changes to the Railway Safety Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations

Transport Canada wants to designate all requirements of the Passenger Rail Transportation Security Regulations in Schedule 1 of the Railway Safety Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations. Designating these security requirements would give us more tools to make sure that railways comply with the passenger regulations and address situations where railways don’t comply with the passenger regulations.

Transport Canada issues railway administrative monetary penalties (fines) to individuals and corporations that violate the Railway Safety Act, or regulations and rules made under the act. Transport Canada uses a graduated enforcement approach to deal with these situations. Penalties are based on the severity of the violation. The maximum penalty is $50,000 for an individual and $250,000 for a corporation.

Transport Canada is also proposing to designate parts of the Railway Safety Act (namely sections 26.1 and 26.2, and subsection 40.11(5)), in Schedule 1 of the Railway Safety Administrative Monetary Penalties Regulations. This will also give us more tools to deal with the growing number of security incidents that involve the railway system.

We are interested in receiving your feedback or questions at this early stage of developing this regulatory proposal. Please submit your feedback by email before March 1, 2022 to: TC.Railsecurity-sureteferroviaire.TC@tc.gc.ca.

We will continue to provide updates as we proceed through the next steps of the regulatory process, including the proposal being pre-published in Canada Gazette, Part I, where there will be further opportunity to comment.

Contact us

For more information, please contact Intermodal Surface Security Oversight by e-mail: TC.Railsecurity-sureteferroviaire.TC@tc.gc.ca.

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