Aviation initiatives planned for April 2023 – April 2025

You can use this page to find information on planned regulatory initiatives that Transport Canada expects to bring forward over the next two years.

On this page

Airport Zoning initiatives planned for April 2023 – April 2025

Initiative(s) planned for Canada Gazette, Part I

Regulations Amending the Vancouver International Airport Zoning Regulations

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. A-2)

Description

These proposed regulatory changes would update current zoning protection by restricting the heights of buildings and certain land uses near the airport for the protection of safe aircraft operations and provide protection for development and operations. It is aligned with the Vancouver Airport Authority’s 20-year Master Plan for a potential future runway.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

Any increase in air traffic will result in an increase in the activities and services required. Vancouver International Airport is the major international airport in western Canada, provides thousands of jobs (both directly and indirectly), and contributes to the local and national economies.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

No impact is expected.

Consultations

The proposed changes are expected to be published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, in late-2023 with a 60-day comment period.

Departmental contact information

Jamie Johnson
Regional Director Civil Aviation
Pacific Region
Transport Canada
Email: jamie.johnson@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: October 2018

Aviation security initiatives planned for April 2023 – April 2025

Initiative(s) planned for Canada Gazette, Part I

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Security Regulations, 2012 (Security Management System (SeMS) and SeMS+ for Air Carriers)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

The proposed regulatory changes aim to provide a consistent baseline approach for SeMS to all aviation security regulated stakeholders. It will result in expanding the current SeMS requirements to modernize them through a universal baseline approach, provide stakeholders with a structured approach to managing security as an integral part of their overall operations, support a more practical, flexible and outcome-based approach to security measures, and ultimately result in consistent application of security management practices that better manage and support aviation security.

The proposed changes will also promote a risk-responsive culture across all regulated entities which will encourage stakeholders to develop a proactive and flexible approach to adapt to emerging threats and risks.

Finally, these proposed changes will incorporate specific operational requirements for air carriers, called SeMS+, to promote aviation security management in a comprehensive, coordinated, and result-oriented manner.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The impacts of SeMS on Canadians, including Canadian businesses and the economy, is expected to be minimal. The primary benefit of this program will be to ensure robust security awareness by establishing consistent and clear objectives and expected outcomes, reflected in universal baseline requirements for SeMS. With respect to the SeMS+ program, the proposed changes are expected to result in administrative and regulatory costs for Canadian air carriers, but these costs are expected to be minimal given that air carriers are already in compliance with most of the program requirements, as indicated during the consultation process.

Regulatory cooperation (domestic and international)

No impact is expected

Consultations

On the international stage, Canada works with its international partners through the International Civil Aviation Organization Assembly and associated working groups by maintaining regular engagement on SeMS and SeMS+ (i.e., Air Operator Security Program).

Domestically, Transport Canada has consulted with stakeholders through the Advisory Group on Aviation Security forum and established working groups, in which stakeholders were consulted on the program requirements and outcome-based approach.

The proposed changes are expected to be published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, in early-2024 with a 30-day public comment period.

Departmental contact information

Mario Boily
Executive Director, Program Development
Aviation Security
Transport Canada
Email: TC.AviationSecurity-Sureteaerienne.TC@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: April 2022

Initiative(s) planned for the Canada Gazette, Part II

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Security Regulations, 2012 (Air Cargo)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

This regulatory initiative is part of the Digitalization and Technology-Neutral Regulatory Review Roadmap.

The proposed regulatory changes would create requirements for all air carriers, transporting cargo on flights to Canada, to submit Pre-Loading Advance Cargo Information to Transport Canada. It would allow Transport Canada to risk assess the cargo before it is loaded on an aircraft. Risk assessment will incorporate the use of artificial intelligence to target potential threats to aviation security.

Depending on the results of the risk assessment, cargo may be subject to re-screening or requests for additional information. In a worst-case scenario, high-risk cargo may be subject to a “Do Not Load” notice.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

Minimal impacts are expected to Canadians, including Canadian businesses and the Canadian economy. The main benefit of this program will be a reduction in the likelihood that cargo that should be prohibited for security reasons will be loaded on an aircraft inbound to Canada, which will help maintain confidence in the Canadian aviation system.

Regulatory cooperation (domestic and international)

On the international stage, Canada is working alongside the United States, the United Kingdom, and the European Union to harmonize its initiative.

Transport Canada helped to establish the Joint Guiding Principles under the auspices of the Joint Working Group for Air Cargo Information, a joint World Cargo Organization-International Civil Aviation Organization working group comprised of international organizations, like-minded nations and industry partners.

Consultations

The proposed changes were published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, on March 18, 2023 with a 75-day public comment period.

The proposed changed are expected to be published in the Canada Gazette, Part II, in early 2024.

Departmental contact information

Mario Boily
Executive Director, Program Development
Aviation Security
Transport Canada
Email: TC.AviationSecurity-Sureteaerienne.TC@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: April 2022

Civil Aviation initiatives planned for April 2023 – April 2025

Initiative(s) planned for Canada Gazette, Part I

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Parts I and IV – Approved Training Organizations)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

The proposed regulatory changes would introduce the elements needed to certify Canadian-approved training organizations. The organizations will be responsible for conducting training to issue pilot licences, permits or ratings.

The goal of the proposed changes would be to make sure that Canadian regulations for training organizations follow the International Civil Aviation Organization standards.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

Anyone interested in becoming an approved training organization to provide training to issue a pilot’s licence, permit or rating may be impacted. Current flight training units may want to become approved training organizations.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

No impact is expected. The proposed changes would comply with the International Civil Aviation Organization’s international standards for approved training organizations.

Consultations

The proposed changes are expected to be published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, in late 2024 with a 30-day comment period.

Departmental contact information

Steve Palisek
Acting Director, Aviation Safety Regulatory Affairs Branch
Civil Aviation
Transport Canada
Email: steve.palisek@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: April 2014

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Parts I, III and VI to VIII – Water Airports)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

The proposed regulatory changes would establish aerodrome safety components that are needed for a water aerodrome to be certified as an airport.

The goal of this change to the regulations would be to create the criteria under which a water aerodrome can become certified as an airport.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The proposed changes would apply to individuals or businesses that would be interested in being issued a water airport certificate. Current uncertified water aerodromes seeking to become a certified water airport would be required to apply for a water airport certificate and meet all the requirements explained in the change.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

No impact is expected. Currently, there are no international standards for water airports and other countries have not developed regulations to certify water airports.

Consultations

Transport Canada consulted stakeholders in the summer of 2019 through the Canadian Aviation Regulation Advisory Council.

Transport Canada is currently reviewing the regulations and will establish a calendar for the changes once the review and analysis are completed, including additional consultation prior to publication in the Canada Gazette, Part I.

Departmental contact information

Steve Palisek
Acting Director, Aviation Safety Regulatory Affairs Branch
Civil Aviation
Transport Canada
Email: steve.palisek@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: April 2014

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Parts I, IV, VI and VII – Night Visual Flight Rules Operations)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

The proposed regulatory changes would address the safety risks associated with the night visual flight rules operations. Over the years, the Transportation Safety Board has made many recommendations about the night visual flight rules operations, because they have been a factor in many incidents and accidents.

The goal of the proposed changes is to introduce the use of night vision imaging systems into the Canadian civil aviation regulatory framework. This will significantly increase the safety of night flights and operations.

By introducing night vision imaging systems technology into the regulations, the department will address Transportation Safety Board recommendations. Transport Canada will also provide a safer system for the night visual flight rules operations.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

It is expected that the proposed changes will have an impact on the private pilot community as well as commercial air operators.

This initiative has the potential to grow the Canadian aviation industry in many sectors such as aircraft modification, maintenance, and equipment providers of Night Vision Imaging Systems.

It is possible that other stakeholders will be impacted by this initiative as the file goes through the various stages of regulatory development.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

No impact is expected.

Consultations

Transport Canada consulted stakeholders in 2021 through the Canadian Aviation Regulation Advisory Council. Transport Canada plans to conduct further consultations with stakeholders in early 2023.

The proposed changes are expected to be published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, in late 2024 with a 30-day comment period.

Departmental contact information

Steve Palisek
Acting Director, Aviation Safety Regulatory Affairs Branch
Civil Aviation
Transport Canada
Email: steve.palisek@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: April 2019

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Parts I, III, IV and VI to VIII - Air Navigation Services)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

The proposed regulatory changes would ensure Transport Canada remains a world-class regulator and continues to drive the Canadian economy. In developing this proposal, Transport Canada carefully considered its transformation strategy, which was launched to modernize the way programs and services are delivered to better serve Canadians. As part of this transformation strategy, Transport Canada launched the Aviation Safety Regulatory Review Initiative to modernize the Canadian Aviation Regulations.

Transport Canada is proposing these changes to:

  • facilitate adoption of new/ innovative technologies for providing certain air navigation services;
  • address Standing Joint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations concerns with subpart 4 (aviation weather services) of the Regulations;
  • clarify the type of services provided by air traffic controllers, in different classes of airspace;
  • clarify the applicable standards for providing air navigation services in domestic Canadian airspace as well as in the airspace for which Canada, by way of an international agreement, has accepted to provide such services; and
  • respond to the revision of the Canadian Domestic Air Traffic Control Separation Standards as well as create new provisions to clearly identify the relevant sections of the revised standard for different types of separation.
Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The proposed changes would apply to NAV CANADA and anyone that provides air navigation services in Canada.

It is expected that stakeholders will benefit from the proposed changes, as they facilitate the adoption and use of emerging technologies as well as the application of related standards by clearly distinguishing air traffic control services from other air navigation services.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

The proposed changes would harmonize regulatory requirements with the International Civil Aviation Organization and Federal Aviation Administration. It would improve international recognition of the safety of Canada’s civil aviation industry and boost the international competitiveness of the industry.

Consultations

In August 2021, Transport Canada published a Notice of Proposed Amendment through the Canadian Aviation Regulation Advisory Council process, with a 30-day comment period, looking for stakeholder input on the proposed changes.

The proposed changes are expected to be published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, in late 2023, with a 30-day comment period.

Departmental contact information

Steve Palisek
Acting Director, Aviation Safety Regulatory Affairs Branch
Civil Aviation
Transport Canada
Email: steve.palisek@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: April 2019

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Part I and II – Aircraft ID, Registration, Operation of a Leased Aircraft by a Non-Registered Owner, and Charges)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

This regulatory initiative is part of Transport Canada’s Transportation Sector Regulatory Review Roadmap, and it would make administrative updates and address irritants and shortcomings that exist in Part II of the Regulations. The proposed amendments would also update the charges in CAR 104 Schedule II – Aircraft Registration as part of TC’s Fee Modernization Initiative Both initiatives will leverage the same regulatory process.

The proposed regulatory changes would ensure Transport Canada remains a world-class regulator and continues to drive the Canadian economy. It is part of Transport Canada’s carefully considered transformation strategy that has been launched to modernize the way programs and services are delivered to better serve Canadians. As part of this transformation strategy, Transport Canada launched the Aviation Safety Regulatory Review initiative to modernize the Canadian Aviation Regulations.

The goal of the initiative is to make the regulations more agile and coherent. Also, where appropriate, Transport Canada will use a risk-based approach to Part II of the regulations to reduce the amount of administrative work for regulated entities and the department.

The Fee Modernization Initiative aims to review existing fees that have not been updated in over 20 years and to introduce new fees for services that have long been delivered free of charge. With these updates, Transport Canada will implement a modern fee regime that will rebalance the cost between the service beneficiaries and the Canadian taxpayers, and allow continuous improvement of service delivery to keep pace with Industry’s needs.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The proposed changes would apply to entities already regulated under Part II of the Canadian Aviation Regulations — registered aircraft owners, persons operating aircrafts and aircraft manufacturers.

The travelling Canadian public is not directly impacted by the proposed changes. The impact will be on aircraft owners and aircraft manufacturers to give them more flexibility and clarity about:

  • Transport Canada’s shift to electronic documentation
  • Manufacturer’s use of registration marks
  • the process of registering an aircraft
  • the regulations pertaining to identification plates and
  • determining the custody and control of an aircraft.

There would also be an impact on individuals and entities that register aircraft as a result of the fee modernization for aircraft registration services.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

As part of the Government of Canada’s Budget 2018 commitment to undertake a regulatory review across several departments, Transport Canada has committed to modernizing its regulations.

Through the Canada Gazette, Part I, notice industry informed the department that they are irritated about many outstanding Notices of Proposed Amendments that Transport Canada has put out through the Canadian Aviation Advisory Council, without resulting in a change to regulations.

Transport Canada expects that these proposed changes will address many of these outstanding Notices of Proposed Amendments and exemptions.

Where appropriate, Transport Canada will consider ways to align their regulations with regulations from:

  • the United States,
  • the European Union, and
  • standards proposed by the International Civil Aviation Organization.

This will help minimize any differences in similar requirements which may exist between Canada and its major trading partners.

Transport Canada also conducted an international comparison to inform the proposed aircraft registration fees.

Consultations

Transport Canada used the Let’s Talk Modernizing the Canadian Aviation Regulations webpage as a tool to consult broadly with industry and the Canadian public on irritants relating to Part II of the Regulations. A “What we Heard” report was published in November 2019.

The department has also hosted a series of multi-disciplinary task team meetings, consisting of regional and headquarters subject matter experts as well as industry subject matter experts. The task team provided a horizontal examination of the irritants to inform the way forward.

Transport Canada will distribute Notices of Proposed Amendments through the Canadian Aviation Regulation Advisory Council process to seek further feedback from affected stakeholders on the proposed changes.

The proposed changes are expected to be published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, in mid-2024 with a 30-day comment period.

Departmental contact information

Steve Palisek
Acting Director, Aviation Safety Regulatory Affairs Branch
Civil Aviation
Transport Canada
Email: steve.palisek@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: April 2019

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (RPAS – Beyond Visual Line-of-Sight and Other Operations)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

This regulatory initiative is part of Transport Canada’s Transportation Sector Regulatory Review Roadmap.

The proposed regulatory changes would seek to enable routine visual line-of-sight operations with larger remotely piloted aircraft systems (RPAS) as well routine lower risk beyond visual line-of-sight operations without the requirement to obtain a Special Flight Operations Certificate. Examples include low-level operations in uncontrolled airspace and outside of population centres. They include new requirements related to pilot certification, airworthiness, and procedural requirements.

As part of Transport Canada’s Regulatory Review Initiative, a lack of regulations for beyond visual line-of-sight operations was identified as an irritant by the Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems industry. To address this, and as part of Transport Canada’s commitment to regulatory modernization, the department has accelerated the development of regulations for lower risk beyond visual line-of-sight operations to keep pace with rapidly emerging technologies and capabilities of remotely piloted aircraft systems.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The proposed changes would apply to Canadian remotely piloted aircraft systems pilots and companies conducting business in Canada, as well as manufacturers of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems. It would also update existing service fees and introduce new fees for the new services that would be provided to the RPAS sector.

The changes will provide a predictable regulatory framework and replace the requirement to obtain a Special Flight Operations Certificate for certain lower risk beyond visual line-of-sight operations. This will make it easier to carry out these operations on a routine basis.

As part of the regulatory development process, Transport Canada will assess impacts on Canadians, including businesses.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

The proposed changes will create more flexibility for stakeholders and support a growing economic sector.

The department continues to work with our international partners such as:

  • the United States,
  • Australia,
  • Brazil,
  • The European Union Aviation Safety Agency,
  • the International Civil Aviation Organization, and
  • the Joint Authorities for Rulemaking on Unmanned systems.

Transport Canada will look for areas to harmonize its regulations with international counterparts when it is feasible.

Consultations

The proposed changes are expected to be published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, in mid-2023 with a 60-day comment period.

Departmental contact information

Ryan Coates
Director, RPAS Task Force
Transport Canada
Email: ryan.coates@tc.gc.ca

Jeannie Stewart-Smith
Manager, RPAS Task Force
Transport Canada
Email: jeannie.stewart-smith@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: April 2019

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Lightweight Data Recorders)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

There have been accidents involving small aircraft that are not required to be equipped with flight data recorders or lightweight data recorders under the current Canadian Aviation Regulations.

The Transportation Safety Board of Canada has issued several recommendations related to the implementation of lightweight data recorders on-board small aircraft to promote aviation safety. As a result, Transport Canada has been actively working with stakeholders to address this issue.

On April 26, 2018, the Transportation Safety Board of Canada made recommendation A18-01 which states:

“The Department of Transport require the mandatory installation of lightweight flight recording systems by commercial operators and private operators not currently required to carry these systems.”

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The proposed changes would apply to Canadian:

  • air operators,
  • air carriers, and
  • manufacturers.

Transport Canada will assess the impacts on businesses as part of the regulatory development process.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

The proposed changes would harmonize current regulatory requirements with the requirements established in International Civil Aviation Organization, annex 6, which calls for the mandatory insulation of these devices into newly certified aircraft and recommends their installation in newly manufactured aircraft.

Consultations

Transport Canada started the consultations with stakeholders through the Canadian Aviation Regulation Advisory Council in December 2021.

Transport Canada is currently reviewing the comments received and will establish a calendar for the changes once the review and analysis are completed.

Departmental contact information

Steve Palisek
Acting Director, Aviation Safety Regulatory Affairs Branch
Civil Aviation
Transport Canada
Email: steve.palisek@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: August 2020

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Part IV and VI - Personnel Training, Qualification, and Licensing)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

The proposed regulatory changes would ensure Transport Canada remains a world-class regulator and continues to drive the Canadian economy. It is part of TC’s carefully considered transformation strategy that has been launched to modernize the way programs and services are delivered to better serve Canadians.

As part of this transformation strategy, Transport Canada launched the Aviation Safety Regulatory Review Initiative to modernize the Canadian Aviation Regulations.

Within the scope of the Regulatory Review initiative, this package includes irritants that stakeholders told Transport Canada about from:

  • Internal consultations,
  • Outstanding Notices of Proposed Amendments,
  • The 2013 Fletcher report,
  • Let’s Talk submissions,
  • Fall 2018 Treasury Board survey published in Canada Gazette, Part I, and
  • A Transportation Safety Board Recommendation (A16-09).

The proposed changes will be focused on updating training and licensing requirements to better reflect technological advances, relieve administrative burden, and modernize supporting materials.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The proposed changes would apply to all pilots and flight schools. Transport Canada will assess the impacts as part of the regulatory development process.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

No impact is expected.

Consultations

Transport Canada has used the Let’s Talk Modernizing the Canadian Aviation Regulations webpage as a tool to consult broadly with industry and the Canadian public. A “What we Heard” Report was published November 2020.

A multidisciplinary task team meeting was hosted by Transport Canada to validate the issues and proposed solutions.

The task team consisted of regional and headquarters subject matter experts as well as industry subject matter experts. The task team provided a horizontal examination of the irritants to inform the way forward.

Transport Canada also distributed a Notices of Proposed Amendments (NPA 2022-001) in February of 2022 through the Canadian Aviation Regulation Advisory Council process to seek further feedback from affected stakeholders on the proposed changes.

The proposed changes are expected to be published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, in late 2023 with a 30-day comment period.

Departmental contact information

Steve Palisek
Acting Director, Aviation Safety Regulatory Affairs Branch
Civil Aviation
Transport Canada
Email: steve.palisek@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: August 2020

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Approach Ban)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

The proposed regulatory changes would implement prescribed approach visibility minima nationally. Introducing prescribed approach visibility minima in Canada will work to address several Transportation Safety Board recommendations and would achieve safety benefits that are applicable to all operations in Canada. This national approach would allow for a clearer, simpler set of rules for all operators in Canada, while further aligning with International Civil Aviation Organization and international partners.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The proposed changes would impact a number of stakeholders. Transport Canada has identified the following potential impacts on stakeholders so far and understands that stakeholders may identify further impacts as the initiative progresses. Potential impacts may include, but are not limited to:

  • Air Navigation Service Providers – costs of publishing updated aerodrome/airport visibility minima.
  • Canadian commercial air operators, private operators, and general aviation pilots – costs to revise their procedures with respect to approach in low visibility conditions.
  • Canadian aerodrome/airport operators – costs to voluntarily provide or upgrade their facilities/systems should they wish to marginally lower their published prescribed visibility by upgrading to high intensity approach lighting.
  • Canadian commercial air operators holding special authorizations under Subparts 703, 704 or 705 of the Canadian Aviation Regulations – will no longer be eligible for up to a 50% reduction in published visibility minima. They will be required to adhere to the same visibility minima as other international operators.
  • Canadian commercial pilots – reduced pilot’s workload in determining the actual minima for an approach due to simplified approach criteria.
  • General aviation pilots who conduct instrument approach procedures.
  • The travelling public – enhanced safety margins during flights in lower visibility conditions.
  • Aviation industry – harmonized regulations with other civil aviation authorities.
Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

Implementing a prescribed visibility minima requirement nationally will harmonize Canada with the International Civil Aviation Organization standard, which has been adopted by most civil aviation authorities worldwide, including the United States Federal Aviation Administration and the European Aviation Safety Agency.

Consultations

A Preliminary Issue and Consultation Assessment was shared through Canadian Aviation Regulation Advisory Council for a 2-month consultation period (November 23, 2017, to January 22, 2018). Comments were received from NAV Canada (Air Transport Association of Canada, ACPA Air Canada Pilot’s Association, Northern Air Transport Association, Helicopter Association of Canada, National Airlines Association of Canada, and the United States Federal Aviation Administration). Transport Canada led a 2- hour, participatory discussion on this topic with industry representatives on November 16, 2020.

Notice of Proposed Amendments 2021 – 011 was released via the CARAC process for an intended 12-week consultation period (from July 6 to September 28, 2021) and was extended to October 15th as a result of the federal election. On October 7, 2021, before the close of the consultations, Transport Canada held a Q&A session with CARAC members who were interested in asking questions or making comments on the NPA before the close of the consultation period. The consultations have now closed, but the NPA is available online.

The feedback on the NPA was highly supportive of the initiative, with some concerns about the potential impact on various operations. Stakeholders agree that the regulations ought to be brought in line with international partners to the degree possible, and that the regulations should be simpler to understand and apply. A detailed risk analysis is underway to ensure that there are no unexpected impacts to stakeholders.

The proposed changes are expected to be published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, in early 2024 with a 30-day comment period.

Departmental contact information

Steve Palisek
Acting Director, Aviation Safety Regulatory Affairs Branch
Civil Aviation
Transport Canada
Email: steve.palisek@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: April 2021

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Part I, III, V, VI, VII, and VIII – Safety Management Systems)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

The proposed regulatory changes would consolidate existing safety management system regulations in Part III, V, VI, VII, and VIII under Part I, and introduce requirements for aircraft design and manufacturers to have safety management systems.

Goals of the proposed changes are to harmonize and improve compliance with Canadian safety management system requirements, and to ensure compliance of Canadian regulations with International Civil Aviation Organization Standards and Recommended Practices in Annex 19 to the Chicago Convention.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The proposed changes are expected to impact Canadians by requiring aircraft design and manufacturers to develop and implement safety management systems, and by improving capacity for regulatory compliance through improved clarity and user-friendliness of Canadian regulations.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

These changes will ensure alignment of Canadian regulations with International Civil Aviation Organization Standards and Recommended Practices’ in Annex 19 to the Chicago Convention.

Consultations

The proposed changes are expected to be published in the Canada Gazette, Part I, in mid-2024 with a 30-day comment period.

Departmental contact information

Steve Palisek
Acting Director, Aviation Safety Regulatory Affairs Branch
Civil Aviation
Transport Canada
Email: steve.palisek@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: April 2022

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Subpart 521 – Design Approval of Aeronautical Products)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

The proposed regulatory changes would rewrite Subpart 521 to revise certain terminologies, introduce new definitions, delete incorporation by reference of an external document, clarify several administrative and technical requirements, correct inadvertent omissions, and to introduce new requirements to better align with ICAO, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and/or the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA).

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The proposed changes are expected to impact Canadians by updating requirements for the design approval of aeronautical products. Some procedural changes may be required by businesses and full impacts will be outlined in a cost-benefit analysis.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

The proposed changes would further harmonize Canada’s aircraft certification procedural requirements related to design approval requirements with those of the FAA and/or EASA to support the implementation and further development of international agreements.

Consultations

Due to the technical aspects of this file, several consultations with industry on the revised policy intent was started in 2022 with a notice of proposed amendments (NPA) expected in 2023 to seek stakeholder comments prior to proceeding to Canada Gazette, Part I in early 2024. This NPA will build on previous NPAs 2010-021, NPA 2010-022 and Advance NPA 2014-001, including adjustments to these earlier proposals made by Transport Canada in response to comments received on these NPAs.

The proposed changes are expected to be published in Canada Gazette, Part I, no earlier than 2025. Transport Canada is currently reviewing the regulations and will establish a calendar for the changes once the review and analysis are completed. This will include additional consultation with the impacted stakeholders.

Departmental contact information

Steve Palisek
Acting Director, Aviation Safety Regulatory Affairs Branch
Civil Aviation
Transport Canada
Email: steve.palisek@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: April 2022

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Part I, V, VI, and VII – General Aviation) New!

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

The proposed regulatory changes would ensure Transport Canada remains a world-class regulator and continues to drive the Canadian economy. It is part of TC’s carefully considered transformation strategy that has been launched to modernize the way programs and services are delivered to better serve Canadians.

As part of this transformation strategy, Transport Canada launched the Aviation Safety Regulatory Review Initiative to modernize the Canadian Aviation Regulations. More specifically, this proposal will focus on irritants related to General Aviation.

This proposal would update and introduce new regulations regarding balloon, ultra-light, parachute, and hang-glider operations. There is also a desire to relocate existing regulations to better align with the special operations in Part VI.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The proposed changes would apply to aircraft categories that fall under the purview of General Aviation, such as parachute, balloon, hang-glider, and ultra-lights. Transport Canada will assess the impacts as part of the regulatory development process.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

No impact is expected.

Consultations

Transport Canada is planning to use the Let’s Talk Modernizing the Canadian Aviation Regulations webpage as a tool to consult broadly with industry and the Canadian public. A “What we Heard” Report would be published after that consultation.

Transport Canada is also considering creating a multidisciplinary task team with internal and external subject matter experts to validate the issues raised and proposed solutions.

Transport Canada also plans to distribute a Notice of Proposed Amendments through the Canadian Aviation Regulation Advisory Council process to seek further feedback from affected stakeholders on the proposed changes once they have been developed.

Departmental contact information

Steve Palisek
Acting Director, Aviation Safety Regulatory Affairs Branch
Civil Aviation
Transport Canada
Email: steve.palisek@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: April 2023

Initiative(s) planned for Canada Gazette, Part II

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Part I - 104, Aeronautical Product Approval)

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

The proposed regulatory changes would update and modernize the charges associated with the issuance, renewal, amendment or endorsement of aeronautical products by Transport Canada (section 104 and Schedule V of the Canadian Aviation Regulations). The proposed changes would include updating existing charges as well as adding new charges.

Transport Canada performs many activities that directly benefit the Canadian aerospace industry. This includes approving aeronautical product designs. Approval of these designs is one step in the process necessary for an aircraft to receive “flight authority”. Flight authority confirms that the aircraft follows the applicable type design, and that it is fit and safe for flight.

To receive flight authority, an aircraft’s overall design and its major aeronautical components must be approved, indicating that they meet design standards set by the International Civil Aviation Organization.

Transport Canada issues initial approval documents to Canadian-based companies and facilitates the issuance of approval documents to Canadian companies in foreign jurisdictions, allowing these companies to sell their products abroad. Transport Canada also issues approval documents to foreign companies that want to sell their products for use in Canada.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The proposed changes apply to businesses that design aeronautical products. The businesses that would be affected by the change range from large Canadian-based companies to companies with one owner that develop and market individual aeronautical components. The fixed charges will stay relatively low to encourage continued growth and innovation in the industry. There may be an impact on trade because of the proposed changes.

The Canadian public would not be affected by the change.

Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

Transport Canada considered the fees charged by other countries, such as Australia, European Union, New Zealand, and the United States when developing the proposed charges.

Consultations

In 2014, Transport Canada engaged the aerospace industry by leading a working group which reviewed and discussed the fee modernization options.

In 2018, the department presented the broad goals and timeframes of this initiative to stakeholders at the planning session of the Canadian Aviation Regulation Advisory Council and held five preliminary engagement sessions with industry stakeholders and trade associations representing members of the aerospace sector.

Transport Canada posted the Fee Modernization Proposal on our “Let’s Talk Fee Modernization” webpage for a 45-day comment period on September 5, 2018. When the comment period closed, the department also held a one-day workshop with the largest members of the Canadian industry to discuss their concerns.

Transport Canada pre-published the proposed changes in the Canada Gazette, Part I, on June 18, 2022, with a 30-day public comment period.

Transport Canada plans to publish the proposed changes in the Canada Gazette, Part II, in mid-2023.

Departmental contact information

Steve Palisek
Acting Director, Aviation Safety Regulatory Affairs Branch
Civil Aviation
Transport Canada
Email: steve.palisek@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: April 2019

Regulations Amending the Canadian Aviation Regulations (Low Impact Amendments and Codification of Exemptions) New!

Enabling act

Aeronautics Act (R.S.C, 1985, c. A-2)

Description

The proposed regulatory changes would clarify regulatory texts, remove redundancies, correct inconsistencies between the French and English versions of the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) and address issues identified by the Standing Joint Committee for the Scrutiny of Regulations (SJCSR). The proposed amendments would also codify into regulation longstanding global exemptions that have been issued over the years, including some that have been issued as temporary reliefs to support industry recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic.

Potential impacts on Canadians, including businesses

The proposed regulatory amendments would apply to Canadian air operators and carriers. This proposal would represent a house cleaning phase of the modernization of the CARs by addressing non-controversial issues with low or no impact on stakeholders. The anticipated outcome of the proposed changes include:

  • Reduced number of exemptions issued, thereby reducing the time and resources invested in processing and applying for exemptions by TC Civil Aviation and regulated entities, respectively;
  • Enhanced consistency in the use of terminology and thus interpretation of regulatory requirements, which would improve compliance and therefore safety; and
  • Improved consistency between the English and the French versions of regulatory requirements, which would eliminate any language-related interpretational differences, improve compliance with the Regulations and Canada’s language laws.
Regulatory cooperation efforts (domestic and international)

The proposed changes are expected to enhance alignment of regulatory requirements with international standards, which would enhance international recognition of the safety of Canada’s civil aviation industry and boost the international competitiveness of the industry.

Consultations

A Notice of Proposed Amendment (NPA) was distributed via the Canadian Aviation Regulatory Advisor Council (CARAC) in Autumn 2022. As an existing consultation process, the NPA notified and solicited feedback from affected stakeholders and sought out comments on proposed changes. A second NPA will be distributed in Spring 2023.

Transport Canada plans to publish the proposed changes in the Canada Gazette, Part II, in mid-2024.

Departmental contact information

Steve Palisek
Acting Director, Aviation Safety Regulatory Affairs Branch
Civil Aviation
Transport Canada
Email: steve.palisek@tc.gc.ca

First included in Transport Canada’s Forward Regulatory Plan: February 2023