Transportation in Canada 2021

Modal overview and developments

National Transportation Infrastructure of Canada map



Image description - National Transportation Infrastructure of Canada map

Canada’s vast multimodal transportation network consists of rail lines, roads, waterways and airports. These foundational transportation infrastructures allow people and goods to move across the country, between urban and rural communities, as well as to and from international countries and markets.

The map shows Canada’s transportation network, i.e. air, marine, rail and road transportation networks. It shows each of the 26 airports of the National Airport System (NAS). Each airport, represented by a black plane in a white circle, is identified geographically to illustrate basic air infrastructure. Seven of these airports are located in the Atlantic Provinces, three in Québec, four in Ontario, six in the Prairie Provinces and three in British Columbia. Three other airports are found in the capital of each territory.

It also shows the approximate location of the 17 Canadian Port Authorities (CPA). Each is represented by an anchor in a blue circle. The CPA ports are (in alphabetical order): Belledune, Halifax, Hamilton-Oshawa, Montréal, Nanaimo, Port Alberni, Prince-Rupert, Québec, Saguenay, Saint John, Sept-Îles, St. John's, Thunder Bay, Toronto, Trois-Rivières, Vancouver Fraser and Windsor. Four of these ports are located in the Atlantic Provinces, five in Québec, four in Ontario and four in British Columbia.

The map of Canada also shows the layout and extent of the Canadian rail system. This system currently has over 44,917 route-kilometres of track. The network is illustrated by color lines (refer to the National Railway Network legend) for a geographical representation of rail infrastructure.

Finally, it shows the location of the National Highway System (NHS). The NHS includes over 38,000 kilometers of Canada’s most important highways from coast to coast. It is illustrated by color lines (refer to the National Highway System legend) for geographical representation of basic road infrastructure. The map also shows 15 major border crossings along the Canadian – U.S. border. At each border crossing, blue cars are used to represent their location.