The following are the citations for documents referred to in the Standards:
"62-GP-11M" is the standard for Marking Material, Retroreflective Elements, Adhesive Backing, 62-GP-11M, published by the Canadian General Standards Board (CGSB), dated May 1978 - as amended in July 1987 (Amendment No 1);
"AREMA Communications and Signals Manual" is the 2014 edition of the Communications and Signals Manual of Recommended Practice, published by the Communications and Signals Group of the American Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way Association, in effect on December 31, 2013;
"ASTM D4956" is the 11th edition of the Standard Specification for Retroreflective Sheeting for Traffic Control, published by the American Society for Testing and Materials, dated March 30, 2011;
"GCS"means the Grade Crossings Standards;
"Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Canada" refers to the 4th ed. of the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices for Canada, prepared by the Traffic Operations and Management Standing Committee, published by the Transportation Association of Canada, dated September 1998.
The following definitions apply in this Standard:
“crossing user” means drivers of vehicles, pedestrians, cyclists and persons using assistive devices;
“cross-product” means the product of the average annual daily railway movements and the average annual daily traffic of vehicles on the road that pass across the grade crossing;
“travelled way” means that part of a road intended for vehicular use, excluding shoulders.