This document is meant to be used in conjunction with the Grade Crossings Regulations as well as the Grade Crossings Standards.
Table of contents
- Part A – Preface
- Part B – Design standards
- Part C – Design calculations
- Part D – Warning system design – General
- Article 12 – Warning system operation
- Article 13 – Number and location of light units
- Article 14 – Light units – Alignment
- Article 15 – Bells and gates
- Article 16 – Circuitry
- Article 17 – Warning systems and traffic signals installed at grade crossings in lieu of a warning system – Inspection and testing
- Part E – Interconnected devices
- Part F – General
- Article 21 – General requirements
- Article 22 – Temporary protection measures
- Article 23 – Exemptions / Notice of railway works and resumption of use
- Article 24 – Sharing of information
- Article 25 – Grade separation
- Article 26 – Maze barriers and guide fencing
- Article 27 – Blocked crossings
- Article 28 – Whistling cessation
- Part G
- Part H
- Appendix A – Light emitting diode (LED) signal modules
- Appendix B – Limited use warning systems and signs
- Appendix C – Limited use warning system with walk light
- Appendix D – Whistling cessation
- Appendix E – Guideline for determining minimum sightlines at grade crossings
- Appendix F – Rail safety regional contacts
- Appendix G – Sharing of information form road authority
- Appendix H – Sharing of information form railway
- Appendix I – Canadian grade crossing detailed safety assessment field guide
- Appendix J – Testing requirements (railway)
- Appendix K – Testing requirement (road authority)
- Appendix L – Guideline for inspecting and testing pre-emption of interconnected traffic control signals and grade crossing warning systems
- Appendix M – Supplemental engineering design guidance for vulnerable road users at grade crossings
This document is developed to provide guidance on the engineering best practices and requirements for safety at or around grade crossings, and is to be used as a complement to the requirements found in the Grade Crossings Regulations, and therefore, the incorporated by reference Grade Crossings Standards made pursuant to the Railway Safety Act. Every party responsible for a road or a railway line involving a grade crossing should consult the legal requirements of these instruments.
Minimum safety standards are set out for the construction, alteration and maintenance of grade crossings, including the inspection and testing of grade crossing warning systems. It also included minimum safety standards for road approaches and other land adjoining the land on which the railway line is situated insofar as the safety of the grade crossings may be affected.
If a proposed railway work does not conform to standards, an application for approval of the proposed work may be filed with the Minister of Transport for Canada under section 10 of the Railway Safety Act.
If a railway company or a person wishes to be exempt from the application of a requirement with respect to non-railway operations or works affecting the safety of a grade crossing, an application for an exemption may be filed with the Minister of Transport for Canada under subsection 24(1.1) of the Railway Safety Act.
If a person wishes to be relieved of a requirement for inspection, testing, or maintenance, an application for an exemption may be filed with the Minister of Transport for Canada under subsection 22(2) of the Railway Safety Act.
Any comments or suggestions regarding these standards or requirements should be addressed to the Rail Safety Directorate
Toll-free: 1-844-897-RAIL (1-844-897-7245)
Rail Safety Branch
427 Laurier Street West
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N5
Grade Crossings - Handbook
(PDF, 7.35 MB)