15. Navigation Equipment

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15.1 General

15.1.1 Every ship should comply as appropriate with the Navigating Appliances and Equipment Regulations and the Charts and Publications Regulations. In addition to the provisions of the preceding regulations, all ships should comply with the provisions of this Standard that exceed such regulations.

15.1.2 Every ship should be equipped with a compass, capable of being corrected, and located in a position such that the compass card is readily visible by the helmsman at the primary steering position. The compass should be fitted with a pelorus or if not, a separate hand bearing compass should be provided.

15.1.3 Every ship should be equipped with an electronic means of measuring water depth continuously; in addition, a hand lead line, provided with traditional markings, of not less than 20 fathom length and with a lead, capable of being armed, of not less than 3.2 Kg , should be provided.

15.1.4 Every ship should carry the latest editions, corrected up to date of the following publications appropriate to the operating area:

  1. Charts
  2. Tide and Current Tables
  3. List of Lights, Buoys and Fog Signals
  4. Sailing Directions
  5. Notices to Mariners
  6. Radio Aids to Marine Navigation
  7. International Code of Signals
  8. Code of Nautical Practices
  9. Watchkeeping Standards ( TP 13067)

15.1.5 Any ship intending to navigate out of sight of land for more than 24 hours should carry a sextant and a chronometre or efficient time piece and, in addition to the publications quoted in 15.1.4, nautical almanacs and tables.

15.1.6 All magnetic compasses and any sextants, chronometres and time pieces carried, should be provided with appropriate correction data.

15.1.7 Due provision should be made to prevent damage or the risk of fire in the event of lightning striking antennae or conductors of any navigation equipment.

15.1.8 Every ship should carry a minimum of one GPS and a radar system.

15.1.9 Every ship should carry a log book.

15.2 Lights, Shapes and Sound Signals

15.2.1 Every ship should comply with the Collision Regulations and with the following provision of this Standard which exceed or complement these regulations.

15.2.2 Every ship should be able to exhibit lights and day shapes as required by the Collision Regulations, including:

  1. 2 all-round red lights near the top of the tallest mast,
  2. 1 all-round white light in the fore-triangle.

By day, the lights required by a) and b) should be replaced by 2 black balls and 1 black ball, respectively.

15.2.3 The lights required by the Collision Regulations should be electrically powered; in addition, a duplicate set of sidelights, stern light and masthead lights, if applicable, with an alternative source of power should be provided together with secure means of mounting.

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