19. Protection of Personnel

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19.1 General

19.1.1 The surface of the working deck should be non-slip. Acceptable surfaces are: unpainted wood; a non-slip pattern moulded into FRP ; non-slip deck paint; or an efficient non-slip covering. Particular attention should be paid to hatch covers where these are fitted on the working deck and to sloping coachroof sides where these effectively constitute a working deck when the ship is heeled.

19.1.2 A toe rail of not less than 25 mm in height should be fitted around the working deck.

19.2 Bulwarks and Guard Rails

19.2.1 The perimetres of weather decks should be fitted with bulwarks, guard rails or guard rope of sufficient strength and height.

19.2.2 In general, taut double guard rails with the upper rail or rope at a height of not less than 600 mm above the deck should be fitted around the perimetre of the weather deck. They should be supported at intervals not exceeding 2.2 m.

19.2.4 If the cockpit opens aft to the sea, additional guard rails should be fitted so that there is no vertical opening greater than 500 mm .

19.2.5 There should be a fixed bow pulpit forward of the forestay of at least the same height as the guard rails except in way of a substantial bowsprit for which an appropriate netting should be provided.

19.2.6 There should be sufficient hand holds and grab rails within the accommodations including access stairways and ladderways to allow safe movement throughout accommodation spaces at all times.

19.3 Safety Harnesses

19.3.1 One safety harness, which may be rapidly attached to, and detached from the lifelines should be provided for each person on board.

19.3.2 Dedicated lines should be provided, stowed securely on the weather deck, for use as lifelines in heavy weather, of sufficient length to extend fore and aft along the deck on each side along the normal working area.

19.3.3 Provisions should be made on the weather deck to adequately secure the lifelines to provide maximum assistance to crew movement with minimum obstruction to hatches, survival craft or handling running rigging.

19.3.4 Fastening points for the attachment of safety harness should be provided in the following positions;

  1. close to the companionway; and
  2. on both sides of the control station.

19.3.5 Efficient means of securing the lifelines of safety harnesses should be provided on exposed decks.

19.3.6 Every ship should be fitted with grab rails on the sides and ends of deck houses.

19.4 Fall Arrest Systems

19.4.1 Every person who works aloft should wear an approved full body fall arrest harness and be trained in its use.

19.4.2 The D-ring attachment point should not be below the person’s centre of gravity.

19.4.3 Lanyards attached to harnesses for working aloft should not be longer than three feet, or equivalent metric length, unless equipped with a shock absorber.

19.4.4 Lanyards and carabiners should be CSA approved, equivalent to or exceeding their safety specifications.

19.4.5 Chest harnesses are acceptable for work on deck.

19.4.6 Every mast and spar upon which crew members may be required to work in the normal course of sailing should be provided with attachment points for fall arresting devices.

19.4.7 One fall arresting device should be provided for each crew member required to work more than 2 m above the weather deck.

19.4.8 Yard jackstays and hardware employed should be capable of handling all associated loads.

19.4.9 Attachment points should be provided to enable individuals to traverse safely the futtock shrouds while attached.

19.5 Safety Procedures

The master of a sail training ship carrying trainees should ensure that each trainee:

  1. as soon as practical after joining the ship for the first time is given instruction designed to make him familiar with the layout of the ship; and
  2. as soon as practical after joining the ship and at intervals thereafter not exceeding one week is given training in safety procedures, including the use of fire fighting and life saving appliances of the ship.

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